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in this issue

THE FUTURE OF THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE KURDISH ISSUE

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There is an elephant in the room in the Middle East that will resurface once the conflicts in Syria and Iraq are over: the Kurdish issue. It is ever present in Turkey, where the Kurdish uprising is ongoing; it will be in Syria, where Kurdish militias are playing a key role in the fight against ISIS...

THE NONEXISTENT PALESTINIAN STATE. A NEW INTIFADA?

Israel is a militarily strong country, the strongest in the Middle East; it is unrivaled in its region and is backed by the financial and political support of an international Jewish lobby and by the technical-military cooperation of the United States. On top of all this, it owns 80 nuclear warheadsAll of these elements prevent Israel from seeking a negotiable solution to the Palestinian problem...

 

THE METAMORPHOSIS OF MUJAHEDIN-E-KHALQ

If we were to look for a movement that sums up all the volatility, inconsistency and unpredictability of the Middle East, one would point to the Mujahedin-e-Khalq (MEK – People’s Mujahedin) in Iran. Since their founding in September 1965, the paramilitary group has taken part in every conflict across that Arabian peninsula. They started off by fighting against the Shah and supporting Khomeini, they then clashed against the ayatollah’s regime alongside Saddam Hussein in the war against Iran and until the Iraqi dictator’s downfall in 2003. When the Shia rose to power in Baghdad, they managed to obtain US protection, which meant they disbanded their military units and also avoided being exterminated...







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